# Libcfitsio submodule¶

The Libcfitsio submodule provides an interface familiar to users of the CFITSIO C library. It can be used with

using FITSIO.Libcfitsio


The functions exported by this module operate on FITSFile objects. For the most part, they are thin wrappers around the CFITSIO routines of the same names. Typically, they:

• Convert from Julia types to C types as necessary.
• Check the returned status value and raise an appropriate exception if non-zero.

Warning

Note that these functions do not check if the file is still open before trying to access it. A segmentation fault can result from trying to operate on a closed file. (The main FITSIO interface always checks if the file is open before any operation.)

## File access¶

fits_create_file(filename::String)

Create and open a new empty output FITSFile.

fits_clobber_file(filename::String)

Like fits_create_file, but overwrites filename if it exists.

fits_open_file(filename::String)

Open an existing data file.

fits_open_table(filename::String)

Open an existing data file (like fits_open_file()) and move to the first HDU containing either an ASCII or a binary table.

fits_open_image(filename::String)

Open an existing data file (like fits_open_file()) and move to the first HDU containing an image.

fits_open_data(filename::String)

Open an existing data file (like fits_open_file()) and move to the first HDU containing either an image or a table.

fits_close_file(f::FITSFile)

Close a previously opened FITS file.

fits_delete_file(f::FITSFile)

Close an opened FITS file (like fits_close_file()) and removes it from the disk.

fits_file_name(f::FITSFile)

Return the name of the file associated with object f.

## HDU Routines¶

The functions described in this section allow to change the current HDU and to find their number and type. The following is a short example which shows how to use them:

num = fits_get_num_hdus(f)
println("Number of HDUs in the file: ", num)

for i = 1:num
hdu_type = fits_movabs_hdu(f, i)
println(i, ") hdu_type = ", hdu_type)
end

fits_get_num_hdus(f::FITSFile)

Return the number of HDUs in the file.

fits_movabs_hdu(f::FITSFile, hduNum::Integer)

Change the current HDU to the value specified by hduNum, and return a symbol describing the type of the HDU. Possible symbols are: :image_hdu, :ascii_table, or :binary_table.

The value of hduNum must range between 1 and the value returned by fits_get_num_hdus().

fits_movrel_hdu(f::FITSFile, hduNum::Integer)

Change the current HDU by moving forward or backward by hduNum HDUs (positive means forward), and return the same as fits_movabs_hdu().

fits_movnam_hdu(f::FITSFile, extname::String, extver::Integer=0, hdu_type_int::Integer=-1)

Change the current HDU by moving to the (first) HDU which has the specified extension type and EXTNAME and EXTVER keyword values (or HDUNAME and HDUVER keywords). If extver is 0 (the default) then the EXTVER keyword is ignored and the first HDU with a matching EXTNAME (or HDUNAME) keyword will be found. If hdu_type_int is -1 (the default) only the extname and extver values will be used to locate the correct extension. If no matching HDU is found in the file, the current HDU will remain unchanged.

fits_get_hdrspace(f::FITSFile) -> (keysexist, morekeys)

Return the number of existing keywords (not counting the END keyword) and the amount of space currently available for more keywords.

fits_read_keyword(f::FITSFile, keyname::String) -> (value, comment)

Return the specified keyword.

fits_read_record(f::FITSFile, keynum::Int) → String

Return the nth header record in the CHU. The first keyword in the header is at keynum = 1.

fits_read_keyn(f::FITSFile, keynum::Int) -> (name, value, comment)

Return the nth header record in the CHU. The first keyword in the header is at keynum = 1.

fits_write_key(f::FITSFile, keyname::String, value, comment::String)

Write a keyword of the appropriate data type into the CHU.

fits_write_record(f::FITSFile, card::String)

Write a user specified keyword record into the CHU.

fits_delete_record(f::FITSFile, keynum::Int)

Delete the keyword record at the specified index.

fits_delete_key(f::FITSFile, keyname::String)

Delete the keyword named keyname.

fits_hdr2str(f::FITSFile, nocomments::Bool=false)

Return the header of the CHDU as a string. If nocomments is true, comment cards are stripped from the output.

## Primary Array Routines¶

fits_get_img_size(f::FITSFile)

Get the dimensions of the image.

fits_create_img(f::FITSFile, t::Type, naxes::Vector{Int})

Create a new primary array or IMAGE extension with a specified data type and size.

fits_write_pix(f::FITSFile, fpixel::Vector{Int}, nelements::Int, data::Array)

Write pixels from data into the FITS file.

fits_read_pix(f::FITSFile, fpixel::Vector{Int}, nelements::Int, data::Array)

Read pixels from the FITS file into data.

## Table Routines¶

To create ASCII/binary tables in a new HDU, the FITSIO.jl library provides two functions: fits_create_ascii_table() and fits_create_binary_table(). In general, one should pick the second as binary tables require less space on the disk and are more efficient to read and write. (Moreover, a few datatypes are not supported in ASCII tables). In order to create a table, the programmer must specify the characteristics of each column by passing an array of tuples. See the documentation of fits_create_ascii_table() for more details.

Here is an example:

f = fits_create_file("!new.fits")
coldefs = [("SPEED", "1D", "m/s"),
("MASS", "1E", "kg"),
("PARTICLE", "20A", "Name")]
fits_create_binary_tbl(f, 10, coldefs, "PARTICLE")


This example creates a table with room for 10 entries, each of them describing the characteristics of a particle: its speed, its mass, and its name (codified as a 20-character string).

fits_create_ascii_tbl(f::FITSFile, numrows::Integer, coldefs::Array{ColumnDef}, extname::String)

Append a new HDU containing an ASCII table. The table will have numrows rows (this parameter can be set to zero), each initialized with the default value. The columns are specified by the coldefs variable, which is an array of tuples. Each tuple must have three string fields:

1. The name of the column.
2. The data type and the repetition count. It must be a string made by a number (the repetition count) followed by a letter specifying the type (in the example above, D stands for Float64, E stands for Float32, A stands for Char). Refer to the CFITSIO documentation for more information about the syntax of this parameter.
3. The measure unit of this field. This is used only as a comment.

The value of extname sets the “extended name” of the table, i.e., a string that in some situations can be used to refer to the HDU itself.

Note that, unlike for binary tables, CFITSIO puts some limitations to the types that can be used in an ASCII table column. Refer to the CFITSIO manual for further information.

See also fits_create_binary_tbl() for a similar function which creates binary tables.

fits_create_binary_tbl(f::FITSFile, numrows::Integer, coldefs::Array{ColumnDef}, extname::String)

Append a new HDU containing a binary table. The meaning of the parameters is the same as in a call to fits_create_ascii_tbl().

fits_get_coltype(f::FITSFile, colnum::Integer)

Provided that the current HDU contains either an ASCII or binary table, return information about the column at position colnum (counting from 1). Return is a tuple containing

• typecode: the CFITSIO integer type code of the column
• repcount: the repetition count for the column
• width: the width of an individual element
fits_insert_rows(f::FITSFile, firstrow::Integer, nrows::Integer)

Insert a number of rows equal to nrows after the row number firstrow. The elements in each row are initialized to their default value: you can modify them later using fits_write_col().

Since the first row is at position 1, in order to insert rows before the first one firstrow must be equal to zero.

See also fits_delete_rows().

fits_delete_rows(f::FITSFile, firstrow::integer, nrows::Integer)

Delete nrows rows, starting from the one at position firstrow (the first row has index 1).

See also fits_insert_rows().

fits_read_col(f::FITSFile, colnum::Integer, firstrow::Integer, firstelem::Integer, data::Array)

Read data from one column of an ASCII/binary table and convert the data into the specified type T. The column number is specified by colnum (the first column has colnum=1). The elements to be read start from the row number firstrow; in case each cell contains more than one element (i.e., the “repetition count” of the field is greater than one), firstelem allows to specify which is the first element to be read. The overall number of elements is specified by the length of the array data, which at the end of the call will be filled with the elements read from the column.

fits_write_col(f::FITSFile, colnum::Integer, firstrow::Integer, firstelem::Integer, data::Array)

Write some data in one column of a ASCII/binary table. The column number is specified by colnum (the first column has colnum=1). The first element is written at the position firstelem within the row number firstrow (both the indexes start from one).

If there is no room for the elements, new rows will be created. (It is therefore useless to call fits_insert_rows() if you only need to append elements to the end of a table.)