# API reference¶

## File operations¶

FITS(filename::String, mode::String="r")

Open or create a FITS file. mode can be one of "r" (read-only), "r+" (read-write) or "w" (write). In “write” mode, any existing file of the same name is overwritten.

A FITS object is a collection of “Header-Data Units” (HDUs) and supports the following operations:

• f[i] Return the i-th HDU.

• f[name] or f[name, ver] Return the HDU containing the given the given EXTNAME (or HDUNAME) keyword (an ASCIIString), and optionally the given EXTVER (or HDUVER) number (an Integer).

• Iteration:

for hdu in f
...
end

length(f::FITS)

Number of HDUs in the file.

close(f::FITS)

Close the file. Subsequent attempts to operate on f will result in an error. FITS objects are also automatically closed when they are garbage collected.

read_header(hdu)

Read the entire header from the given HDU and return a FITSHeader object. The value of each header record is parsed as Int, Float64, ASCIIString, Bool or nothing according to the FITS standard. (If the value cannot be parsed according to the FITS standard, the value is stored as the raw unparsed ASCIIString.)

read_header(hdu, ASCIIString)

Read the entire header from the given HDU as a single string.

FITSHeader(keys, values, comments)

Create a FITSHeader from arrays of keywords, values and comments. This type partially implements the Associative interface:

• length(hdr) Number of records.
• haskey(hdr) Header keyword exists.
• keys(hdr) Array of keywords (not a copy).
• values(hdr) Array of values (not a copy).
• hdr[key] Get value based on keyword or index.
• hdr[key] = value Set value based on keyword or index.

• get_comment(hdr, key) Get the comment based on keyword or index.
• set_comment!(hdr, key, comment) Set the comment baed on keyword or index.
read_key(hdu, key)

Read just the specified key and return a tuple of (value, comment). The key can be either the index of the header record (Integer) or the header keyword (ASCIIString).

## Image operations¶

write(f::FITS, data::Array; header=nothing, name=nothing, ver=nothing)

Add a new ImageHDU to the file. The following array element types are supported: UInt8, Int8, UInt16, Int16, UInt32, Int32, Int64, Float32, Float64. If a FITSHeader object is passed as the header keyword argument, the header will be added to the new HDU.

read(hdu::ImageHDU)

Read the entire image from disk.

read(hdu::ImageHDU, range...)

Read a subsection of the image from disk. E.g., read(hdu, 1:20, 1:2:20).

ndims(hdu::ImageHDU)

Get number of image dimensions, without reading the image into memory.

size(hdu::ImageHDU)

Get image dimensions, without reading the image into memory.

size(hdu::ImageHDU, i::Integer)

Get i-th dimension.

length(hdu::ImageHDU)

Get total number of pixels in image (product of size(hdu)).

copy_section(hdu::ImageHDU, dest::FITS, r::Range...)

Copy a rectangular section of an image and write it to a new FITS primary image or image extension. The new image HDU is appended to the end of the destination file; all the keywords in the input image will be copied to the output image. The common WCS keywords will be updated if necessary to correspond to the coordinates of the section. Examples:

Copy the lower-left 200 x 200 pixel section of the image in hdu to an open file, f:

copy_section(hdu, f, 1:200, 1:200)


Same as above but only copy odd columns in y:

copy_section(hdu, f, 1:200, 1:2:200)


## Table Operations¶

write(f::FITS, data::Dict; hdutype=TableHDU, name=nothing, ver=nothing, header=nothing, units=nothing, varcols=nothing)

Create a new table extension and write data to it. If the FITS file is currently empty then a dummy primary array will be created before appending the table extension to it. data should be a dictionary with ASCIIString keys (giving the column names) and Array values (giving data to write to each column). The following types are supported in binary tables: Uint8, Int8, Uint16, Int16, Uint32, Int32, Int64, Float32, Float64, Complex64, Complex128, ASCIIString, Bool.

Optional inputs:

• hdutype: Type of table extension to create. Can be either TableHDU (binary table) or ASCIITableHDU (ASCII table).
• name: Name of extension.
• ver: Version of extension (Int).
• header: FITSHeader instance to write to new extension.
• units: Dictionary mapping column name to units (as a string).
• varcols: An array giving the column names or column indicies to write as “variable-length columns”.

Note

Variable length columns

Variable length columns allow a column’s row entries to contain arrays of different lengths. They can potentially save diskspace when the rows of a column vary greatly in length, as the column data is all written to a contiguous heap area at the end of the table. Only column data of type Vector{ASCIIString} or types such as Vector{Vector{UInt8}} can be written as variable length columns. In the second case, ensure that the column data type is a leaf type. That is, the type cannot be Vector{Vector{T}}, which would be an array of arrays having potentially non-uniform element types (which would not be writable as a FITS table column).

write(f::FITS, colnames, coldata; hdutype=TableHDU, name=nothing, ver=nothing, header=nothing, units=nothing, varcols=nothing)

Same as write(f::FITS, data::Dict; ...) but providing column names and column data as a separate arrays. This is useful for specifying the order of the columns. Column names must be Array{ASCIIString} and column data must be an array of arrays.

read(hdu, colname)

Read a column as an array from the given table HDU.

The column name may contain wild card characters (*, ?, or #). The * wild card character matches any sequence of characters (including zero characters) and the ? character matches any single character. The # wildcard will match any consecutive string of decimal digits (0-9). The string must match a unique column.

## Miscellaneous¶

FITSIO.libcfitsio_version() → VersionNumber

Return the version of the underlying CFITSIO library. E.g., v"3.34.0".